- Emperor/Empress, Kaiser/Kaiserin, Tsar/Tsaritsa: rules over everyone
- High King/High Queen, Maharajah, Pharaoh: rules over other kings
- King/Queen, Sultan/Sultana, Shah/Shahbanu, Raja/Rani, Rex: rules over everything (Europe) or leader of a large area or province (ancient Egypt, Persia, India)
- Crown Prince/Crown Princess, Emir/Emira, Dauphin: also called the heir apparent, next in line for the throne
- Prince/Princess: other children of the imperial or royal family
- Archduke/Archduchess: ruler of an archduchy
- Duke/Duchess: ruler of a duchy; highest rank under the royal family; While some duchies have their own lineage, members of the royal/imperial family can also be dukes (ex. Queen Elizabeth II is the Duke of Normandy)
MARQUESSATE, MARGRAVIATE, OR MARCH
- Marquess, Margrave, Marquis/Marchioness: the ruler of a marquessate, margraviate, or march
- Count, Earl/Countess: ruler of a county; known as an earl in England, but their wives are still countesses
- Viscount/viscountess: ruler of a viscounty; rank below counts/earls
- Baron/baroness: ruler of a barony
- Baronet: British title ranking below baron and above knight
- Seigneur/Knight of the Manor: rules a small local fief
- Knight: basic rank; used to denote someone who owned land and fought on behalf of their overlord
- Baron/baroness (Scotland only): ranks below a knight and above a laird; hereditary position
- Laird (Scotland only): ranks below a Scottish baron and above an esquire; landowner’s title
- Esquire: indicates someone who attends or is apprenticed to a knight
- Gentleman: the lowest rank of gentry; owns a small manor or plot of land
September 18, 1982: Diana Princess of Wales attends Princess Grace’s Funeral
Queen Victoria decided against the traditional royal silver wedding dress and wore a dress of rich pure white satin, trimmed with orange flower blossoms. The lace which formed the flounce of the dress was Honiton lace; it measured four yards, and was three quarters of a yard wide.
The pattern was a rich and exquisitely tasteful design, designed especially for Queen Victoria’s wedding dress.
Wedding flounce of Queen Victoria
The headdress was a wreath of orange flower blossoms, and over this a beautiful veil of Honiton lace, worn down her back. Her slippers were white as well.
The bridesmaids or train-bearers, as they were called back then, were also dressed in white. Prince Albert did not wear the royal finery that was tradition at the time. Instead he wore a field marshal’s uniform, with large rosettes of white satin near his shoulders. In doing this, his bride stood out as the most important person in the chapel and gave to Queen Victoria her “hour of beauty”.
This touched the hearts of women everywhere regardless of their status in society and so began the tradition of the white wedding dress and the bride “a queen for a day”. The styles of the white wedding dress have changed throughout the years, but the concept has stayed the same. Queen Victoria & Prince Albert broke from tradition and started a tradition we still follow today.
The Godey’s Lady’s Book, written about a decade after the 1840 royal wedding wrote: “Custom has decided, from the earliest ages, that white is the most fitting hue, whatever may be the material. It is an emblem of the purity and innocence of girlhood, and the unsullied heart she now yields to the chosen one.” The dress and her wedding attire is currently on display at the Victoria and Albert Museum.
More National Day pictures.
It recently came to my attention that Prince Christian of Denmark looks remarkably like a young King Constantine II of Greece, his paternal great-uncle.
Although Constantine’s wife Anne-Marie is Christian’s great-aunt, their common ancestry goes back to the father-in-law of Europe, King Christian IX of Denmark.
Christian IX was father to six children. His son Frederik became Frederik VIII of Denmark, who was father to King Christian X of Denmark and Haakon VII of Norway. Christian IX was also father to Alexandra (who married Edward VII of the United Kingdom), George I of Greece (father to Constantine I of Greece and Prince Andrew of Greece & Denmark who was the father of Prince Philip), and Empress Maria Feodorovna of Russia (wife of Tsar Alexander III of Russia and mother to Tsar Nicholas II). His other children were Crown Princess Thyra of Hanover and Prince Valdemar of Denmark.
Constantine is the great-great-grandson of King Christian IX and Christian is the great-great-great-grandson of King Christian IX. Constantine goes through Christian IX’s daughter Thyra while Christian goes through Christian IX’s son Frederik VIII.
Charlotte Casiraghi with Gad and Raphael in Fontainebleau on May 2
And those are Sacha Baron Cohen and Isla Fisher… right?
Catherine’s Palace was the Rococo summer residence of the Russian tsars, located in the town of Tsarskoye Selo (Pushkin), 25 km south-east of St. Petersburg, Russia.
President Kennedy and Princess Beatrix of the Netherlands in the White House Rose Garden, April 18, 1963.
May 09, 2014
Queen replaced by Charles in Order of the Bath service duties
The Queen was replaced by the Prince of Wales in part of her planned duties at the Order of the Bath service.
The 88-year-old monarch had been due to make an offering as 12 new knights were installed at Westminster Abbey.
But Buckingham Palace said the role, involving climbing steep wooden steps in full regalia, was instead filled by the prince, to “lessen the burden on the Queen”.
The Order of the Bath is an order of chivalry dating back to 1725.
The Queen is Sovereign Head of the military order while Prince Charles is its Great Master.
It is awarded in the ranks of Knight Grand Cross, Knight Commander and Companion, and services are held every four years. The Queen attends every eight years, and was greeted by the Dean of Westminster at Friday’s event.
She had been due to be photographed making the presentation of gold and silver coins, a symbolic surrendering of worldly treasures, echoing a painting of her grandfather, George V.
A Buckingham Palace spokesman said the decision for Prince Charles to step in had been taken the night before the service.
He stressed that the sovereign’s stall within the Tudor chapel was reached by very steep wooden steps and that the Queen would be wearing her full regalia.
He added: “The decision was taken to lessen the burden of the Queen during the ceremonial service - it’s for the Queen’s comfort coming into and out of the stalls.”
Earlier this year, it was announced that the press offices of the Queen and the Prince of Wales would be merged, in a sign of preparations for when Prince Charles becomes king.
The prince replaced his mother at a Commonwealth heads of government meeting in Sri Lanka in November, as Buckingham Palace reviewed the amount of long-haul travel the Queen undertook.
At the Order of the Bath service, a number of senior military figures were installed as Knights Grand Cross, replacing previous holders who had died.
They included former First Sea Lord Admiral Sir Jock Slater and Field Marshal, and former Chief of the Defence Staff Lord Guthrie of Craigiebank.
The Order of the Bath originated in the medieval period when the honour was only conferred on a knight after he had performed a number of rituals designed to purify the inner soul - fasting, vigils and prayer.
It takes its name from the symbolic bathing which in former times was often part of the preparation of a candidate for knighthood.
Services take place in the abbey’s King Henry VII’s Lady Chapel, where the banners of living knights hang above the stalls.